Bodhgaya is the most sacred place in Buddhism. Tradition tells that prince Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha, meditated under a bodhi tree during 49 days, at the end of which he reached enlightenment.
King Ashoka was the first to build a shrine in this place around 250 BCE. The present temple was built during the Gupta Empire around the 6th century CE. The Holy Bodhi Tree in the complex is supposed to be a sapling from the Maha Bodhi tree in Sri Lanka, grown from what is claimed to be a sapling of the original Bodhi tree. The complex is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
There are many other Buddhist temples in Bodhgaya that have been built by the people of Bhutan, China, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet and Vietnam, among others. Each of them reflects the architectural style of their respective countries